(This post is written by one of our Bible class teachers, Eli Tucker, who is co-teaching a class on John’s gospel with Aaron Hardin. It is an excellent summary and it makes you want to go to this class!)
The Gospel of John is a book written to produce faith that Jesus is the Christ. Written by the Apostle John in the 90’s AD, it is the last of the Gospels to be produced. Directed at both Jews and Gentiles, John wants all to believe in the power of the Christ to save.
The first part of the book is organized in the same manner that a trial lawyer would make an argument in court. John presents witnesses who testify to the fact that Jesus is the Christ. These witnesses range from the prophesied for runner of the Christ (John the Baptizer) to a lowly Samaritan woman brought to repentance by her interaction with Jesus. In addition, seven signs are presented as evidence of the authority inherent to Jesus as a member of the Godhead.
The second part of the book deals with events from the last week of Jesus. What we see is a close look at the humility and love of Jesus as he serves those around Him through instruction and personnel example. All of this culminates at His crucifixion, burial, and decisive triumph as He rose from the dead. The ultimate statement of John’s dissertation is found in John 20:30-31.
30 And truly Jesus did many other signs in the presence of His disciples, which are not written in this book; 31 but these are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that believing you may have life in His name.